I am a palaeontologist living and working in Alice Springs, in the red centre of Australia. I moved here with my wife and three kids from Johannesburg, South Africa. I used to focus my research on dinosaurs, and it is fair to say I am still a dino nut but these days I work on fossils from the NT, be they turtles, tassie tigers or anything else. In my spare time I like to watch birds, catch beetles, lizards and snakes and generally find out as much about the species around me as I can.
The answer to the the little photo quiz was as the title suggests the relatively enormous pineal foramen of the oudenodontid dicynodont Platycyclops - so kudos to Matt. Quite why these dicynodonts have such enormous pineal openings is an unanswered question. Modern mammalian pineal glands are buried deep in our grossly inflated brains but are still used to regulate day/night cycles and seasonal cycles. In mammals it is influenced indirectly by exposure to light via signal that originate from the retina. In other vertebrates with a pineal foramen direct exposure of the pineal itself triggers the pineal gland to secrete its regulatory hormones. Pinealocytes have a strong resemblance to retinal cells and it is certainly tempting to speculate that the pineal organ of Platycyclops and related dicynodonts had crude image forming abilities. The forward tilt of the opening certainly gives the impression of a third 'eye'. Googling around for information turned up one other little factoid, the name Platycyclops Broom 1932(the dicynodont) is a junior homonym of Platycyclops Sars 1914 (a copepod crustacean). As far as I know no-one has proposed a replacement name for the dicynodont.